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Capture of Monterey, California, by the United States Navy in 1842



[NOTE: This document can be found on page 66 of Taking Possession of Monterey. 27th Congress, 3d session, House Executive Document 166, 1—117]

Navy Department, January 24, 1843.

Sir : Although no official intelligence of the recent occurrences at Monterey has readied this Department, yet the leading facts have been communicated in a form sufficiently authentic to justify and render necessary my immediate action. In the opinion of this Government, it is due to the friendly relations subsisting between the United States and Mexico, and to the respect which every nation owes to the rights of other nations, that you should be recalled from the command of the squadron in the Pacific.

In adopting this course, it is not designed to prejudge the case, nor even to indicate any opinion as to the propriety or impropriety of your conduct in the matter alluded to. That will of course be made the subject of proper inquiry, after your return to the United States, when full justice will be done, as between yourself and your own country. The present order has reference only to the just claims of Mexico on this Government, for such a disavowal of the attack on Monterey as will fully recognise the rights of Mexico, and at the same time place the conduct of this Government in a proper light before the nations of the world.

Commodore Dallas will relieve you as soon as he can conveniently reach the station ; and you will return to the United States in such mode as may be most convenient and agreeable to yourself.

I am, respectfully, yours,

A. P. UPSHUR.

Com. Thos. Ap C. Jones,

Commanding Pacific Squadron.